Knowledge of Woodworking

Wooden building materials are commonly used materials in home decoration. Due to various factors, the various qualities of boards can often lead to a series of problems due to users' unfamiliarity with the materials. Here I will explain and introduce wooden building materials, mainly focusing on plywood.

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I. Classification of Wood Boards

1. According to the material classification, it can be divided into solid wood boards and engineered boards. Currently, except for the use of solid wood boards for flooring and door panels(door panel egde banding machine), the boards we generally use are engineered boards.

2. According to the forming classification, it can be divided into solid boards, plywood, fiberboard, decorative panels, fire boards, etc.

3. Solid wood boards As the name suggests, solid wood boards are made of complete wood materials. These boards are durable and have natural grain patterns, making them a top choice for decoration. However, because these boards are expensive and require high construction techniques, they are not widely used in decoration. Solid wood boards are generally classified according to the actual names of the materials, and there is no unified standard specification.

4.、Solid wood flooring is the most common flooring material used in home decoration in recent years. It is an important symbol of the improvement of the quality of life of Chinese families. Solid wood flooring has the advantages of solid wood planks. However, because it is produced on industrialized production lines in factories and has uniform specifications, the construction process is relatively easy and even faster than other types of boards. But its disadvantage is that it requires higher process requirements. If the technical level of the installer is not enough, it will often lead to a series of problems such as warping and deformation. The name of solid wood flooring consists of the wood species and the name of the edge treatment. Edge treatments mainly include flat edge (no bevel edge), bevel edge, and double bevel edge. Flat-edged floors are out. Double beveled floors are not yet mature enough to be popular. Currently, most flooring installed is single-beveled flooring. Generally speaking, the so-called bevel floor also refers to a single bevel floor.

5、Composite wood flooring, also known as laminate wood flooring, is often given various names by different companies, such as super strong wood flooring, diamond pattern wood flooring, and so on. Regardless of their complex and varied names, these materials all belong to composite flooring. Just as we call a helicopter a helicopter and not a flying plane, these materials do not use "wood", so using the term "composite wood flooring" is unreasonable. The appropriate name is "composite flooring". The standard name for this type of flooring in China is "impregnated paper laminated wood flooring".Composite flooring generally consists of four layers of materials: the bottom layer, the base material layer, the decorative layer, and the wear-resistant layer. The durability of the wear-resistant layer determines the lifespan of the composite flooring.

6.Plywood, also known as laminated board and colloquially referred to as fine core board in the industry, is made by gluing and pressing together three or more layers of one-millimeter-thick single boards or thin boards. It is the most commonly used material for handcrafted furniture making. Plywood is generally available in six specifications: 3mm, 5mm, 9mm, 12mm, 15mm, and 18mm (1mm is equivalent to 1 centimeter).

7. Decorative panels, commonly known as panels, are decorative panels made from solid wood precisely planed into thin wood veneers with a thickness of about 0.2mm. This is then laminated to a plywood base using bonding techniques to create a single-sided decorative panel. It is a special form of plywood with a thickness of 3 mm. Decorative panels are currently considered a premium decorative material that differentiates themselves from traditional oil-based methods.

8、 particleboard Particleboard, commonly known as particle board in the industry, is an engineered wood made from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even sawdust and synthetic resin or other suitable adhesives that are pressed and extruded. Particleboard is known for its affordability compared to other types of wood boards. While it may have lower vertical bending strength compared to other types of sheet, it has higher horizontal bending strength.

9、 Particleboard is a type of thin board made from wood chips as the main raw material, which are then mixed with glue and additives and pressed together. According to the pressing method, it can be divided into extruded particleboard and flat-pressed particleboard. The main advantage of this type of board is its extremely low price. However, its weakness is also very obvious: it has poor strength. It is generally not suitable for making large or mechanically demanding furniture.

10、MDF board, also known as fiberboard, is an artificial board made of wood fiber or other plant fibers as raw materials and bonded with urea-formaldehyde resin or other suitable adhesives. According to density, it is divided into high density board, medium density board and low density board. MDF is soft, impact-resistant and easy to process. Abroad, density board is considered a good material for making furniture. However, since the national standard for density boards is several times lower than the international standard, the quality of its use in our country still needs to be improved.DF

11、Fireproof board is a decorative board made by mixing silicon or calcium-based materials with a certain proportion of fiber materials, lightweight aggregates, adhesives, and chemical additives, and then using steam pressing technology. It is a new material that is increasingly being used not only for its fire resistance but also for its other qualities. The construction of fireproof boards requires relatively high adhesive application, and high-quality fireproof boards are more expensive than decorative boards. The thickness of fireproof board is generally 0.8mm, 1mm, 1.2mm.

12、 Melamine board, or melamine impregnated film paper decor artificial board, is a type of decorative board made by immersing paper with different colors or textures into melamine resin adhesive, drying it to a certain degree of curing, and then laying it on the surface of particleboard, medium-density fiberboard, or hard fiberboard, and pressing it with heat to create a decorative panel.Melamine board is a wall decoration material. Currently, some people use melamine board to counterfeit composite flooring for floor decoration, which is not suitable.


If you have any specific questions about this information, please feel free to ask!

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Post time: Jan-25-2024